Bunion Symptoms, Causes, Natural Treatments

A bunion is a painful deformity when one of your big toe joints pushes too close to the second joint. This condition can occur for many reasons, like wearing too-tight shoes or having flat feet and high arches. A common symptom of a bunion is pain at night because it puts pressure on the outside edge of the foot near where your toes join with your heel bone.

Bunion symptoms are a result of abnormal growth on the big toe. There are many causes, but most often, bunions occur due to wearing ill-fitting shoes or because the foot has been in one position for too long. The “how to shrink bunions naturally” is an excellent resource for those looking to decrease their bunion size and pain.

It’s most likely a bunion near the base of your big toe. Bunions are a typical source of joint discomfort in ladies who often wear high heels, persons who spend a lot of time on their feet (particularly if wearing tight shoes), and those who exercise incorrectly. You may not think your bunion is a big concern at first, but bunions can cause significant scar tissue to build in the foot, toe deformities, and a lot of discomforts if left untreated.

What Is a Bunion?

“Bunion” is derived from the Greek word for turnip. Bunions, which may develop on the outside of the foot and resemble turnips in appearance, have gained popularity as a common word for that bony hump.

A bunion (also known as hallux valgus) is a condition in which the joint at the base of the big toes protrudes and becomes more prominent. Wearing tight-fitting shoes and placing too much pressure on the toes, for example, might induce irregularities in the big toe’s joint position over time. In addition, repetitive action may deform or grow the joint connecting the big toe to the rest of the foot, resulting in a bony lump, discomfort, and swelling.

Bony bunion growths usually occur gradually and cause increasing discomfort for most individuals. Your big toe may curve inward a little more than usual, the outside border of your foot may puff up, and your foot may seem red at first. You could soon be in a lot of discomforts whether standing up, wearing shoes, or exercising.

Bunions may affect both men and women. However, women are more prone to acquire them due to their propensity for wearing tight footwear. High heels, for example, may push the toes together, impede blood flow, and limit the range of motion of the big toe. This causes the big toe joint to shift out of position over time. Scar tissue and edema may build as a consequence, resulting in improper foot posture.

 

A bunion may begin tiny, but it will continue to expand as the toes get more constrained – and the larger the bunion becomes, the more difficult it is to walk and move properly. Experts encourage anybody who feels they have bunions to get treatment as soon as possible since early therapy provides the bunion with the most excellent chance of healing. However, leaving a bunion to cure on its own is not a wise option, and it may even lead to issues. Bunions may be treated by wearing roomier shoes, improving your form while walking or jogging, extending your toes, and using essential oils for arthritis and joint discomfort; however, each case is unique. Some may need more rigorous therapy.

Bunion Treatment

1. Put on wider shoes.

Changing your shoes might help relieve stress on your big toe and repair your bunion. According to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, most patients find relief from bunions by switching to more giant shoes with adequate “wiggle room” for their toes (AAOS). This relieves pressure on the big toe and improves circulation and range of motion, preventing the joint abnormalities from becoming worse.

Visit a professional at a sneaker or sports shop who can measure your feet if you’re not sure what sort of shoes would be appropriate for your feet and allow for a more extensive “toe box.” Some individuals prefer shoes with laces or straps because they may be custom-fitted to their feet’ breadth.

A specialist can tell you what sort of arches you have and, therefore, what types of sneakers to wear while working out to avoid other common problems like plantar fasciitis, in addition to suggesting specific shoes for bunions relief. If necessary, you may also use a stretcher to stretch out the regions of your shoes that cause pressure on your toes.

People with bunions should “avoid shoes that are overly short, tight, or sharply pointed, as well as heels higher than a couple of inches,” according to the AAOS. In rare situations, high heels may raise the pressure in the front of the foot, resulting in various foot ailments.

2. Correct Your Foot Position Using Pads or Shoe Inserts

A bunion corrector, often known as “bunion pads,” is a shoe insert that may assist in correcting the posture of your feet and relieve pressure on your toes. These are also known as “orthoses,” They operate by redirecting force away from the afflicted joint.

Some individuals need additional heel and arch support to increase the range of motion in their feet and adequately distribute their body weight throughout the whole foot. Buying the correct shoes for your feet, as well as adding additional support and cushioning, maybe enough to fix the issue. Bunion pads or anything similar can typically be found in most pharmacy stores/pharmacies. Therefore you don’t need to see a doctor. Instead, try the places for a brief length of time to check that they decrease pressure rather than compressing toes even more and exacerbating the bunion bump.

3. Extend your legs

Stretching and rotating the toe joints will assist relax the foot muscle and relieve joint discomfort if your toes are tight. Simple bunion hurting activities like flexing and unflexing the toes, rolling them over a tennis ball, and massaging them with your hands may be done at home. Stretch your toes by pointing them straight ahead for five seconds and then curling them under for five seconds, 10 times or more each day. You may also use a towel to roll your toe around or stretch it forward by wrapping it around your afflicted toe.

4. When exercising, be sure your form is correct.

According to the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons, people prone to bunions should avoid activities that produce more significant discomfort, burning, or worsening swelling, such as standing for extended periods or jogging. The poor form might be to fault if you’ve just begun a new fitness program that’s giving you foot discomfort or you’re showing indications of another running ailment. Inflammation around the big toe may be caused by rolling your ankles, not jogging with good form, and landing too hard on your toes.

Another situation in which suitable footwear is required is this one. If you have discomfort in your heels, arches, or ankles, you should see a physical therapist who can demonstrate good foot alignment and teach you how to run softly on your feet.

5. Use Natural Pain Relief

When pain becomes unbearable, use ice for 20 minutes many times a day. Then, elevate your afflicted foot and massage it with essential anti-inflammatory oil to decrease swelling. Applying essential oils like frankincense and peppermint oil may help reduce edema.

 

Bunion Facts and Figures

  • According to specific surveys, about half of the adult population suffers from a bunion. According to other research, the prevalence of bunion abnormalities in the foot ranges from 23 percent to 35 percent. However, bunions are modest in most individuals and do not cause any discomfort.
  • Bunions are more common in women than in males. This is because high-heeled women’s shoes often cause bunions with heels greater than 2.25 inches (5.7 cm).
  • Adults over 65 are more likely than any other age group to develop bunions.
  • Young individuals might also be affected by bunions. Adolescent bunions are the most prevalent kind of bunions in females between 10 and 15. Bunions in adolescence are often inherited and run in families.
  • Bunions affect around 2% of children under the age of ten.
  • Bunions are defined as when the big toe bends inward at a greater than 15-degree angle.
  • People who wear tight shoes or spend a lot of time on their feet, such as dancers and sports, are more likely to develop bunions.
  • Only a small percentage of bunions need surgery, and some studies have revealed that up to 35% of patients are dissatisfied with the procedure results.

Symptoms & Signs of a Bunion

The AAOS lists the following symptoms and indicators of a bunion:

  • The big toe’s base is swollen and expanded. The big toe’s outside edge may seem red, swollen, and heated. The broader region around the big toe may also swell.
  • A growth or hard enlargement on the side of the big toe where it joins the foot may be seen. In addition, the development of a firm, “bony” hump that protrudes outward and is aggravated by wearing shoes is described by some persons.
  • The big toe is turned inwards toward the tiny toes more than usual. Before discomfort begins to develop, an expansion with the toe pointing inward may arise. When a bunion grows severe, the big toe may start to bend inward to the point where it crosses over and forces the second toe out of position.
  • Toe pain, particularly around the big toe. When you walk or apply weight on your foot, the whole big toe joint or only the inner region of the joint might pain.
  • Pain while wearing some shoes with a tight toe box, but not in other shoes.
  • The toes become constricted and have a limited range of motion.
  • Calluses occur when the toes scrape against each other and have burdensome skin beneath the toes.
  • On the joint of your little toes, you may develop a tiny bunion (called a “bunionette”) that looks the same.
  • An untreated swollen metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint may progress to bursitis or arthritis in certain people. Inflammation of the bursa causes bursitis (fluid-filled sacs that cushion the space between bones near joints). Arthritis develops when the smooth cartilage that covers the joint is destroyed by pressure and scarring over time.

Bunions: What Causes Them?

Bunions are most often caused by toe misalignment, malformation, and inflammation of the big toe joint or a bone anomaly in the big toe. Bunions are caused by abnormalities that cause the MTP joint at the base of the big toe to protrude outward from the inner side of the foot, causing the big toe to face inward (this is technically what hallux valgus is). The big toe consists of two joints, the bigger of which (the MTP joint) joins the toes (phalanx bones) to the foot’s base (metatarsal bones). Bunions form when the MTP joint gets inflamed and strained out of position.

Are you curious as to what causes this sort of foot deformity that leads to bunions in the first place?

Bunions may be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Wearing tight shoes that restrict the foot’s range of motion, resulting in the formation of a bursa – a bursa is a tiny fluid-filled sac of joint fluid that feels sore and generally looks large.
  • Ankles that pronate excessively (turn inward).
  • Poor form is a big no-no when it comes to jogging or exercising.
  • Repetitive motions and overuse of the feet
  • Feet, ankles, and toes injuries
  • Scarring of the joints of the feet caused by illnesses such as arthritis that restrict the range of motion of the feet
  • Bone spurs form on the toes as a result of osteoarthritis.

Bunions also seem to run in families, so some individuals are at a greater risk of developing bunions because they inherit feet that are malformed in some manner. Teenagers and young adults are particularly prone to this. In addition, bunions may form due to joint tissue injury in people with autoimmune or inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, polio, or lupus.

Bunion Treatment

Doctors often diagnose a bunion based on physical signs, discomfort, and a discussion about their experience, shoes, and lifestyle. X-rays may be required to establish a severe case of bunions, but an enlargement of the big toe is generally enough to alert your doctor.

If the pain and swelling are severe, corticosteroids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs), and opioids may be prescribed to relieve the discomfort while the bunion heals. To cope with temporary pain, it’s best to take a mild dosage of over-the-counter analgesic like ibuprofen, as well as relaxing, icing, and giving the big toe joint time.

A tiny steroid injection may be administered to relieve muscle spasms and swelling. However, a bunion might still return or occur on the other foot if the permanent modifications outlined above are not made.

An infection of the big toe joint is one of the complications that may arise from bunions, so if physicians feel this is the case, they may need to collect a fluid sample from the foot and test it for bacteria or antibodies. When an infection is proven, a doctor is likely to prescribe antibiotics.

Bunions That Won’t Heal and Bunion Surgery

According to the American College of Foot and Ankle Orthopedics and Medicine (ACFAOM), the natural therapies listed above should be able to help cure most mild to moderate instances of bunions without surgery. Therefore, bunion surgery is only required in extremely uncommon cases. This should only be used as a last resort if a bunion has been left untreated for an extended period or if someone is hesitant to change shoes (for example, because more giant shoes are unsightly) or use shoe inserts to adjust specific aspects of the way they exert pressure on the foot.

  • To enhance range of motion, surgery may be required to remove scar tissue that accumulates around the big toe. In addition, if a bunion has gone untreated for an extended period or if a person has a degenerative joint condition, surgery is more likely to be required.
  • The MTJ joint and dorsiflexion of the foot are affected by surgery, which may compromise range of motion and athletic/danceability. However, if the bunion gets severe enough, they may be the only choice.
  • Before trying any other methods, talk to your doctor about getting a bespoke orthotic/shoe insert to test first. You might also try sleeping with a bit of toe spacer between your toes to keep your big toe straighter.
  • The sooner you get treatment for a bunion, the more likely you will get relief. “The quicker therapy starts, the higher the chances are for a complete recovery with minimum or no invasion,” according to the ACFAOM’s website.
  • It’s important to remember that bunions don’t generally go away on their own. According to doctors, they are curable, but early intervention, patience, and willingness to try different ways are essential.

 

The Most Important Things to Know About Bunions

  • Bunions are bony growths on the outsides of the feet, around the big toes, that afflict up to 50% of people.
  • Bunions are often caused by wearing incorrectly sized shoes, severe pressure on the toes, high heels, and inflammatory disorders such as arthritis.
  • Bunions are often treated with steroid injections, pain relievers, and, in rare circumstances, surgery. In addition, natural remedies like stretching and improving your running form may help relieve discomfort from mild to severe bunions, as well as shoe inserts and bunion pads.

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the leading cause of bunions?

A: The leading cause of bunions is the overgrowth of bone tissue in the area, leading to increased pressure and friction on your toes.

What problems are caused by bunions?

A: Bunions are caused by overuse and tight shoes. This can lead to damage, pain, and even deformity in the feet if not taken care of early on.

How do you get a bunion to go away?

A: Surgery may be required to remove the bunion. Podiatrists also use prescription medication, such as cortisone and anti-inflammatory drugs that can help in many cases of bunions.

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