Table of Contents
High blood pressure is something you want to avoid. However, it can cause serious health problems and a heart attack, so it’s worth taking care of this issue as soon as possible. Here are some things you should know about high blood pressure symptoms that may help prevent a full-blown crisis in the future.
What if I told you that, according to previous rules, a health problem affects around 72 million — or one out of every three — American adults? What if I told you that that figure would grow to about 103 people in the United States under current standards? I’m talking about high blood pressure, also known as hypertension, which is a very prevalent yet avoidable ailment, which is why you should pay attention if you have high blood pressure symptoms.
High blood pressure (HBP) is not just a concern in and of itself; it also increases the risk of stroke, heart attack, chronic heart failure, and renal disease.
Did you know that even when blood pressure measurements reach dangerously high levels, most persons with high blood pressure or hypertension have no symptoms? In reality, many individuals in the United States are unaware that they have excessive blood pressure. I know, it’s terrifying.
The good news is that even conventional medicine agrees with me that diet and exercise are the most crucial tools for naturally preventing and managing high blood pressure.
Life Expectancy and Symptoms
What precisely is high blood pressure? It’s a frequent condition in which blood flows at higher-than-normal pressures through blood vessels and arteries.
Each year, hypertension costs the United States $46 billion in healthcare expenditures, drugs to treat high blood pressure symptoms, and lost workdays — a figure anticipated to increase as the American Heart Association releases new guidelines for what defines high blood pressure. Unfortunately, the standard medical therapy for high blood pressure is to administer potentially harmful beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, and diuretics and persuade patients to limit salt in their diet. Although these measures may be beneficial, they do not address the basis of the issue and may even exacerbate it. We’ve been taught to dread salt when it comes to our health, yet for a good reason, the suggestion of severe salt restriction for high blood pressure symptoms remains contentious, debatable, and even harmful.
The force of blood pressing against the walls of the arteries as the heart pumps blood is known as blood pressure. When this force is too large, it causes excessive blood pressure. However, even when their blood pressure measurements are at dangerously high levels, most persons with this illness show no indications or symptoms of high blood pressure.
When blood pressure is taken, two figures are produced, each representing two different pressures. The highest value is the systolic pressure, or blood pressure when the heart beats while pumping blood. Diastolic pressure is the blood pressure while the heart is at rest between beats, and it is the second or bottom number.
Blood pressure ranges under the prior standards were as follows:
- Low blood pressure (hypotension) is defined as less than a 90/60 mmHg reading.
- Less than 120/80 is considered normal.
- Prehypertension ranges from 120 to 139/80 to 89. “Prehypertension” refers to greater blood pressure than usual but not high enough to be classified as “high blood pressure.”
- 140–159/90–99 is the first stage of high blood pressure.
- Stage 2 hypertension is defined as 160/100 or above blood pressure reading.
- If your reading is exceedingly high, over 180/110, it’s likely that it’s erroneous, and you should obtain another one.
On the other hand, new rules have lowered the threshold for what is considered high blood pressure. The American Heart Association has decreased the threshold for stage 1 hypertension from 140/90 to 130/80. What exactly does this imply? It implies that “46% of American adults, many of whom are under the age of 45, will suddenly be classified as hypertensive.” But wait, there’s more:
According to the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology’s recommendations, the number of males under 45 diagnosed with high blood pressure will treble, while the number of women under 45 diagnosed with high blood pressure will double.
The American Heart Association’s revised recommendations are as follows:
- Less than 120/80 mm Hg is considered normal
- Elevated blood pressure: systolic 120–129 and diastolic less than 80
- Stage 1: Systolic pressure between 130 and 139 or diastolic pressure between 80 and 89
- Stage 2: Systolic blood pressure of at least 140 or diastolic blood pressure of at least 90 mm Hg
- Hypertensive crisis: systolic pressure over 180 and/or diastolic pressure over 120, with patients requiring urgent medication modifications if no other symptoms exist or emergency hospitalization if organ damage is present
As blood pressure rises, there are often no symptoms. Still, aches in the chest, disorientation, headaches, ringing in the ears or buzzing, erratic heartbeat, nosebleeds, weariness, or visual abnormalities are all warning indications of extremely high blood pressure.
When symptoms of high blood pressure appear, it’s usually because the problem has developed to a hazardous level. A hypertensive crisis refers to a systolic/top number greater than 180 OR a diastolic/bottom number greater than 110.
A hypertensive crisis is a medical emergency that needs prompt medical attention. There is a need for immediate medical attention. Symptoms like these are generally present at this point:
- Headaches that be severe
- Severe anxiety
- Breathing problems
At the age of 50, those with normal blood pressure had a total life expectancy of around five years longer than those with hypertension. So that’s simply one more compelling reason to get and keep your high blood pressure symptoms under control.
Keep in mind that the readings mentioned above are designed for normal individuals over the age of 18. Your results will be interpreted differently if you have diabetes, renal disease, or short-term acute sickness. High blood pressure is defined as 130/80 or higher if you have diabetes (another prevalent condition) or chronic renal disease.
Risk Factors and Root Causes
Understanding what causes high blood pressure might assist you in preventing or reversing it. HBP is caused by a combination of causes, much like most other chronic disorders.
HBP seems to run in families, although it is also extremely reliant on a person’s lifestyle. For example, women are at a higher risk when they use birth control pills, are pregnant, or are on hormone therapy medicines to treat menopausal symptoms. Obesity or being overweight raises the risk of heart disease because it puts extra strain on the heart and arteries.
HBP affects both men and women at the same rate throughout their lives; however, males are more likely to acquire it while they are younger. Men are more likely than women to develop HBP until the age of 45, but this changes after the age of 65, when women’s risk becomes greater than men’s. HBP is frequently a secondary effect of another illness in children under the age of 10. A renal condition, pharmaceutical usage, or type 1 diabetes are all examples of this.
There are several risk factors for high blood pressure. The good news is that you can manage the bulk of these hypertension risk factors. They are as follows:
- Age – As you become older, your chance of developing high blood pressure rises. It is more frequent in males between the ages of 45 and 65. After the age of 65, women are more prone to have high blood pressure.
- High blood pressure is more likely to run in families.
- Race – African-Americans are more likely than Caucasians to have high blood pressure, and it generally develops at a younger age. Serious problems from high blood pressure, such as stroke, heart attack, and renal failure, are more likely among African-Americans.
- Being overweight – The more blood you require to deliver oxygen and nutrients to your tissues, the more you weigh. The strain on your artery walls and your blood pressure rises as the amount of blood flowing through your blood vessels rises.
- Physical inactivity – People who are not physically active have greater heart rates. The harder your heart has to work with each contraction, and the greater the stress on your arteries, the higher your heart rate is. Sedentary behavior raises the likelihood of becoming overweight, which is one of the reasons why a sedentary lifestyle is unhealthy.
- Tobacco consumption — Whether you smoke or chew tobacco, both elevate your blood pressure for a short time. Furthermore, tobacco’s toxins harm the lining of your arterial walls, causing your arteries to constrict and raise your blood pressure. It’s also possible that secondhand smoking can elevate your blood pressure.
- Too much alcohol – Heavy drinking might harm your heart over time. More than two drinks per day for males and more than one drink per day for women may harm blood pressure.
- Too much sodium in your diet – Overeating salt or sodium causes your body to retain extra fluid, raising blood pressure.
- Potassium deficiency in the diet — Potassium is a mineral that helps your body’s cells maintain a healthy sodium balance. You may collect too much sodium in your bloodstream if you don’t ingest or retain enough potassium. One reason to avoid low potassium levels is because of this.
- Stress – Excessive stress may cause a momentary spike in blood pressure.
- Certain chronic illnesses, such as renal disease, diabetes, and sleep apnea, might also raise your risk of high blood pressure.
- Pregnancy – Pregnancy may sometimes cause high blood pressure.
Although adults are more likely to have high blood pressure, children are also at risk. In addition, children might sometimes develop high blood pressure symptoms due to heart or renal disorders.
However, due to bad living practices, an increasing number of youngsters with high blood pressure are struggling with this chronic disease at an early age. When I say “bad lifestyle habits,” I’m referring to a poor diet and a lack of exercise, both of which are linked to the rise in juvenile obesity and hypertension.
In 2013, high blood pressure was a major contributing factor in more than 360,000 fatalities in the United States. This corresponds to roughly 1,000 deaths every day, which is quite alarming.
High blood pressure puts you at risk for a variety of health problems, including:
- First heart attack: High blood pressure affects around seven out of ten patients who have their first heart attack.
- First stroke: High blood pressure affects around 8 out of 10 patients who suffer their first stroke.
- Chronic heart failure: High blood pressure affects around seven out of ten persons with chronic heart failure.
- High blood pressure may lead to thickened, constricted, or damaged blood vessels in the eyes, resulting in vision loss.
- High blood pressure symptoms raise the risk of metabolic syndrome, characterized by a combination of three or more of the following health problems: abdominal obesity, high blood sugar, high triglyceride levels, high blood pressure, or low HDL (“good”) cholesterol.
- Memory problems: If your blood pressure isn’t under control, it might damage your capacity to think, remember, and learn. People with high blood pressure are more likely to have memory or comprehension problems.
- Aneurysm: High blood pressure may weaken and bulge your blood arteries, resulting in an aneurysm. An aneurysm may be life-threatening if it ruptures.
High Blood Pressure and Low Blood Pressure
Because of typical aging changes, the risk of both low blood pressure and high blood pressure rises with age. Here’s how low blood pressure and high blood pressure compare.
High Blood Pressure (HBP) is a condition in which
As blood pressure rises, there are often no signs of high blood pressure. However, there are specific warning indicators of very high blood pressure:
- Chest pains
- Ear noise or buzzing
- Irregular heartbeat
- Changes in vision
Here are some more startling statistics concerning high blood pressure and its symptoms:
- High blood pressure affects over 70 million individuals in the United States (or approximately one out of every three).
- Only approximately half of persons with high blood pressure (52 percent) have it under control.
- Prehypertension is defined as higher blood pressure readings than usual but not high enough to be classified as hypertension.
- Heart disease is still the leading cause of death in the United States and many other countries. In the United States alone, around 7 million individuals die each year from various ailments, the majority of which are caused by high blood pressure, which increases the risk of heart failure, heart attacks, and stroke.
- Each year, high blood pressure costs the United States $46 billion. This sum includes the expense of healthcare services, high-blood-pressure drugs, and lost workdays.
- High blood pressure is more frequent in African American adults; however, it affects people of all races. Compared to Caucasians, African Americans are more likely to develop HBP earlier in life, have more severe cases with more significant consequences, and delay treatment.
- Compounding physical conditions (kidney illness, thyroid disease, and sleep apnea, for example), using blood pressure-raising medicines, having a family history of heart disease, being overweight, and being pregnant or on birth control pills are all risk factors for HBP.
- High blood pressure is most dangerous when left untreated for an extended period, which is why early identification and care are critical for avoiding long-term harm.
Blood Pressure Is Too Low
How can you know if you have high blood pressure, low blood pressure, or normal blood pressure?
- Low blood pressure, often known as hypotension, is defined as a reading of less than 90/60.
- Less than 120/80 is considered normal.
- 140–159/90–99 is the first stage of high blood pressure.
- Stage 2 hypertension is defined as 160/100 or above blood pressure reading.
Here are some low blood pressure statistics:
- Low blood pressure that isn’t accompanied by any symptoms is practically never dangerous.
- When blood pressure decreases abruptly and the brain is deprived of proper blood flow, low blood pressure is a cause for worry. This might make you feel dizzy or lightheaded.
- The most typical cause of a sudden decrease in blood pressure is rising from a lying or sitting posture to standing. Postural hypotension, also known as orthostatic hypotension, is a kind of low blood pressure. When someone stands for an extended amount of time, another sort of low blood pressure might emerge. This condition is known as neurally mediated hypotension.
- With aging, blood flow to the heart muscle and brain decreases, generally due to plaque formation in blood arteries.
- Postural hypotension affects around 10% to 20% of adults over the age of 65.
There’s no reason to be concerned if you don’t have any symptoms of low blood pressure. Chronically low blood pressure is only considered harmful by most clinicians if it creates apparent signs and symptoms, such as:
- Lightheadedness or dizziness
- I’m passing out (called syncope)
- Dehydration and a strong desire to drink
- Inability to concentrate
- Eyesight problems
- Skin that is chilly, clammy, and pallid
- Breathing that is quick and shallow
Low blood pressure may be caused by a variety of factors, including:
- Bed rest for a long time
- Blood volume decreases
- Certain pharmaceuticals, including as diuretics and other hypertension treatments; cardiac medications, such as beta blockers; Parkinson’s disease medications; tricyclic antidepressants; erectile dysfunction meds, especially when used with nitroglycerin; narcotics and alcohol When used with HBP meds, other prescription and over-the-counter treatments might produce low blood pressure.
- Problems with the heart
- Endocrine issues
- Severe infection (sepsis)
- Anaphylactic shock (allergic response) – anaphylactic shock is a potentially deadly allergic reaction that may occur in persons who are hypersensitive to medications like penicillin, certain foods like peanuts, or stings from bees or wasps. Breathing difficulties, rashes, itching, a swollen throat, and a fast, dramatic drop in blood pressure are all symptoms of this kind of shock.
- Hypotension mediated by the nervous system.
- Nutritional deficiencies, such as a deficiency in the vital vitamins B12 and folic acid, may contribute to anemia and anemia symptoms, leading to low blood pressure.
With two-thirds of the population suffering from hypertension or prehypertension, this public health concern requires immediate action. With the suggestions below, you may start treating your blood pressure symptoms quickly and naturally now.
A better diet is one of the finest natural therapies for high blood pressure.
Foods to Avoid Because They Exacerbate High Blood Pressure Symptoms
- Alcohol may cause arteries to narrow and blood pressure to rise. If you must consume alcoholic beverages, do so in moderation. For healthy individuals, it means no more than one drink per day for women of all ages and men over 65, and no more than two drinks per day for males 65 and younger.
- High-sodium processed and canned foods – There’s no reason to be afraid of salting your meals, mainly if you use high-quality salts, but you should avoid high-sodium processed and canned foods.
- Trans fats and omega-6 fats – These fats are present in packaged meals and typical meats, and they raise inflammation and blood pressure.
- Sugar – A heavy sugar diet may lead to high blood pressure. Sugar consumption has even been proven to be more dangerous than salt consumption in studies of high blood pressure.
- Caffeine – Consuming too much caffeine might raise blood pressure. If you have high blood pressure, regularly cutting down on coffee and other caffeine-rich drinks is a simple method to lower your blood pressure and avoid caffeine overdose.
Foods to Eat to Relieve Symptoms of High Blood Pressure
- Mediterranean diet — When it comes to a diet that may assist with high blood pressure symptoms, consider the Mediterranean fruits, vegetables, seafood, and omega-3 fat oils are abundant in this diet. Olive oil, wild-caught fish (particularly salmon), and a variety of fruits and vegetables are among the most significant items to include in your Mediterranean diet since they all assist in naturally decreasing blood pressure.
- Potassium-rich foods — A diet high in potassium, according to the American Heart Association, is an essential aspect of regulating blood pressure since it reduces the detrimental effects of sodium on the body. Potassium counteracts the effects of sodium and aids in reducing blood pressure. Coconut water, melons, avocados, and bananas are all potassium-rich meals.
- Foods abundant in fiber, such as vegetables, fruits, seeds, and beans, should be the foundation of any healthy diet, particularly one aimed at lowering blood pressure readings.
- Omega-3-rich foods — To lower inflammation, eat omega-3-rich foods, including grass-fed beef, wild-caught salmon, chia seeds, and flaxseeds.
- Apple cider vinegar – Apple cider vinegar contains a lot of potassium by nature. It also keeps the body alkaline, which may help decrease blood pressure naturally.
- White tea, in particular, may thin the blood and enhance arterial function dramatically. Drinking white tea many times a day may decrease blood pressure and protect the body against stroke, one of the most prevalent health threats. This only works if you drink the tea regularly, at least twice a day.
- Dark chocolate – Dark chocolate is a good source of antioxidants. Look for dark chocolate with at least 200 milligrams of cocoa phenols, which have been shown to lower blood pressure.
Recommendations for Supplements
Magnesium is beneficial since it relaxes blood vessels and immediately affects naturally decreasing blood pressure (and many people have a magnesium deficiency, which plays into high blood pressure). To begin, 500 mg before bedtime is an excellent dosage for lowering blood pressure.
2. Omega-3 Fish Oil
Inflammation of the arteries over time is one of the primary reasons for high blood pressure. Consuming fish oil, which is rich in the EPA and DHA types of omega-3 fatty acids, has been proved in research after study to decrease inflammation in the body, which is why fish oil is beneficial to heart health. One of the most excellent natural strategies to lower blood pressure is to take a 1,000-milligram dosage of high-quality fish oil every day with your meals.
3. Coenzyme Q10
Coenzyme Q10, also known as CoQ10, is an antioxidant important for heart health, especially if you’ve ever taken blood pressure or cholesterol-lowering medicine. CoQ10 in the range of 200 to 300 mg per day is an excellent natural treatment for high blood pressure.
Cocoa, which is available as a powder, improves your intake of flavonols, which help decrease blood pressure and enhance blood flow to the brain and heart. Cocoa is also a natural vasodilator, raising blood pressure and dilating blood vessels.
Garlic is another natural vasodilator, and if you don’t get enough of it in your diet, you may buy it as a liquid or tablet supplement. In a 2016 research, aged garlic was shown to lower peripheral and central blood pressure in those with uncontrolled hypertension. It may also help individuals with increased levels of arterial stiffness, inflammation, and other cardiovascular indicators.
1. Increase the amount of physical activity and exercise
Physical exercise may aid in the maintenance of a healthy weight and the reduction of blood pressure. To get the advantages of exercise, you should participate in some type of physical activity and/or exercise for at least 20 minutes every day. Every day, children and adolescents should engage in one hour of physical exercise.
2. Stress Reduction
Another reason to decrease stress is that it might cause blood pressure to rise. However, don’t unwind by overeating or abusing smoke or alcohol. These actions exacerbate the situation.
Daily relaxation practices such as deep breathing, healing prayer, and/or meditation are beneficial for high blood pressure symptoms and overall health. These natural stress relievers aid in relaxation and blood pressure reduction.
3. The Use of Essential Oils
By dilating arteries, acting as antioxidants to lessen oxidative stress, and reducing mental stress, essential oils may help to lower blood pressure. Neroli, lavender, ylang-ylang, sweet marjoram, clary sage, and frankincense are the best options for decreasing high blood pressure. These oils may be used in a diffuser. You may also combine a few drops in a neutral carrier oil or lotion and massage your body with the combination.
4. Go to the doctor on a regular basis
Blood pressure levels tend to rise as people age, which is why blood pressure prevention, early diagnosis, and treatment via a healthy lifestyle are so important. Keep in mind that you may not notice any indications or symptoms of high blood pressure, so don’t think everything is normal and OK simply because you don’t feel any difference.
If you have a high risk of heart disease, get your blood pressure tested professionally at least once every six to twelve months. If your blood pressure is normal, that’s fantastic; you can try to maintain it that way as you age. However, if it’s too high, you’ll need to make some adjustments and work with your doctor to manage the issue, including altering medicines and assisting you in losing weight. Remember that HBP is a chronic condition that requires lifetime treatment, so getting assistance may help you keep to a healthy lifestyle plan.
5. Take Your Blood Pressure Readings at Home
If you already have high blood pressure, some data suggest that monitoring it at home might help you better control your symptoms. If the numbers creep up slowly, this will offer you an early warning flag. You’ll also be able to track how you respond to various foods, situations, sleep regimens, workouts, and so on.
Without a prescription, you may purchase a variety of home blood pressure monitors from pharmacies or online. The same advantages apply whether you want to see your doctor regularly or work with a nurse to manage your blood pressure. According to research, persons who get regular assistance from their doctor or health clinic had lower blood pressure than those who do not.
6. Maintain a Healthy Weight by Eating a Nutrient-Dense Diet
Do you want to know how to keep your blood pressure under control without using medications? Examining your nutrition is the first step. When it comes to managing your blood pressure naturally, your food is one of, if not the most, crucial pieces of the jigsaw. People with high blood pressure are more likely to consume a diet deficient in minerals, electrolytes (particularly potassium), antioxidants, and fiber.
Sodium, alcohol, refined carbohydrates, sugar, and trans-fats may all cause inflammation, which increases your risk of developing HBP. As much as possible, focus your diet on unprocessed, whole foods, such as fresh vegetables, fruit, healthy fats, and “clean and lean” protein. Your doctor may advise you to adopt The DASH Diet (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension), which includes the high-fiber foods mentioned above while also limiting alcohol and sodium intake (salt). It’s packed with essential nutrients, protein, and fiber, but it also encourages you to eat unprocessed, low-sodium, and salt-free meals.
7. Give up smoking
Smoking destroys your blood vessels and increases your risk of heart disease. It will also exacerbate difficulties and make it more challenging to correct the situation. The National Library of Medicine in the United States has tools to help you stop smoking, such as connections to online or in-person support groups available for free in many hospitals, businesses, and community centers.
- High blood pressure affects around 70 million individuals in the United States or almost one out of every three persons. Furthermore, one out of every three individuals who do not have MS is on the verge of getting it.
- One out of every five individuals in the United States has high blood pressure and is unaware of it. People may have dangerously high blood pressure without experiencing any symptoms.
- When the heart beats while pumping blood, this is called systolic blood pressure. When the heart is at rest between beats, it has diastolic blood pressure.
- As blood pressure rises, there are often no symptoms. Still, chest pains, disorientation, headaches, ear noise or buzzing, irregular heartbeat, nosebleeds, weariness, or visual abnormalities indicate extremely high blood pressure.
- High blood pressure puts you at risk for heart attack, stroke, chronic heart failure, eye difficulties, metabolic syndrome, cognitive problems, and aneurysm, among other things.
- Alcohol, high-sodium meals, trans fats, and omega-6 fats, sweets, and caffeine are among items to avoid while treating high blood pressure symptoms. Instead, Mediterranean diet foods, high-potassium foods, high-fiber foods, omega-3 foods, apple cider vinegar, tea, and dark chocolate are some foods to consume to cure high blood pressure symptoms. You may also take vitamins and other lifestyle adjustments to help with high blood pressure symptoms.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can high blood pressure be reversed naturally?
A: Unfortunately, no. High blood pressure is a progressive condition that cannot be reversed naturally.
Can high blood pressure effects be reversed?
A: In general, high blood pressure is not reversible as it can lead to other more serious health issues. This also depends on the severity of your case too.
How can I bring my blood pressure down immediately?
A: You can do this by drinking lots of water.
- tricks to lower blood pressure instantly
- what to drink to lower blood pressure quickly
- foods that lower blood pressure quickly
- how to lower high blood pressure
- how to lower blood pressure instantly in an emergency
The information on this website has not been evaluated by the Food & Drug Administration or any other medical body. We do not aim to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any illness or disease. Information is shared for educational purposes only. You must consult your doctor before acting on any content on this website, especially if you are pregnant, nursing, taking medication, or have a medical condition.
HOW WOULD YOU RATE THIS ARTICLE?