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Ptosis is a medical term for drooping one or both eyelids, typically due to muscle disease. Ptosis can also be caused by stimulating eye muscles with Botox injections from anti-wrinkle treatment centers.
Wrinkles and drooping eyes are to be anticipated as we become older. However, if one eyelid droops to the point that it covers the pupil and restricts vision, it may create major problems in our life. Ptosis, or blepharoptosis, is a condition in which the eyelids fall to a lower position than usual.
While ptosis is usually a symptom of normal aging, it may also be a sign of a more severe neurological (nerve) or muscle disorder; therefore, it’s important to see a doctor if one or both of your eyelids begin to droop. This is especially true if it seems to have arrived out of nowhere.
This disease may affect anybody at any age, and there is little variation in frequency between men and women or ethnic groups. The droop may be scarcely perceptible for some. On the other hand, others may have their eyelids stretch over the pupil, obstructing vision.
This illness may affect children as well, impacting them from birth. Regular eye exams are required to guarantee that their eyesight is not harmed for the rest of their lives.
There doesn’t seem to be a method to avoid ptosis in children or adults; however, both conventional and natural therapies for ptosis may assist. In addition, there are surgical and non-surgical treatment methods available, and the optimal strategy must be customized to each person’s specific requirements. Maintaining excellent eye health is critical to our quality of life. Thus, it is important to get frequent eye exams and treat any underlying medical disorders that may be causing ptosis.
Ptosis and Its Effects On You
Ptosis is a disorder in which one or both upper eyelids droop downward. The droop might be minor and scarcely perceptible, or it can be severe and completely obscure your vision and line of sight. This is because the levator muscle, responsible for raising and lowering the eyelid, is weakened, resulting in drooping.
The most frequent kind of ptosis is aponeurotic ptosis, which is linked to aging. This is because the levator muscle has gotten overstretched and no longer bounces back as quickly as it used to. Excessive eye rubbing or using contact lenses for an extended period might cause this.
When the neural circuits that govern the movement of the eyelids are disrupted, neurogenic ptosis develops. Horner syndrome, third nerve palsy, or myasthenia gravis may all cause this.
Myogenic Ptosis: As other muscles in the body weaken, including the levator muscle, some forms of systemic illnesses that induce muscle weakening, such as muscular dystrophy, may produce this sort of ptosis.
Mechanical Ptosis: Mechanical ptosis occurs when bulk or extra skin drags down the eyelid.
Ptosis may also be caused by an exterior injury or damage to the eyelid or the eye itself. When playing sports or working with tools, it is essential to wear appropriate eye protection.
Children might be born with drooping eyelids due to congenital ptosis. This happens when the levator muscle does not develop correctly in the pregnancy. Surgical intervention is often needed to guarantee healthy visual development. Failure to cure may result in lazy eyes and impaired vision for the rest of your life. Even in moderate instances of ptosis, children should see an eye expert once a year for an evaluation. As children get older, their eyes alter the shape, and ptosis might worsen.
Symptoms and Signs
- When glancing in the mirror, you’ll notice a drooping eyelid
- To peek behind the lid, tilt the head backward
- Raising the brows to help elevate the eyelids and improve eyesight
- Dry eyes
- Eyes that are watering
- In and around the eyes, there is a dull ache
- Looking exhausted
Dermatochalasis, a connective tissue condition that causes the skin to hang in folds, may appear and present similarly to ptosis. It’s usually linked to a lack of normal elastic tissue production. Consult your ophthalmologist right away if you detect drooping eyelids.
Risk Factors & Causes
While ptosis is most often caused by age, it may also be caused by a range of underlying health issues and other consequences.
- Trauma or injury
- An infection of the eyelid or a tumor of the eyelid
- Inside the eye socket, there is a tumor
- Surgery for cataracts has a side effect
- LASIK, PRK, LASEK, RLE, and other types of corrective eye surgery have side effects.
- Muscle issues in the levator
- Tumor in the eye
- Myasthenia gravis is an uncommon muscular weakening illness that worsens with time. The initial indication of this illness is generally drooping eyelids.
- Muscular dystrophy is a kind of muscle illness.
- Tumor in the brain
- Aneurysm of the brain
- Horner’s syndrome
- Nerve cancer
- Bell’s palsy is a kind of paralysis
- Botox injection side effects
A correct diagnosis is required before a treatment plan can begin. A physical examination, a discussion of your medical history, a complete eye examination, blood tests, and even CT scans and MRIs may be required since there are several potentially harmful underlying causes of ptosis. In addition, these tests may help rule out neurological and muscular illnesses such as myasthenia gravis and autoimmune disorders.
A slit lamp will be utilized during the eye exam, and dilatation of the afflicted eye or eyes may be necessary. In addition, your doctor may do a tension test to measure muscle strength and reaction by injecting the medication edrophonium (brand name: Tensilon). Finally, prepare to discuss how long your eyelids have been drooping, if you can think of anything particular that caused it, and any other indications or symptoms you’re having, such as headaches, muscular weakness, numbness, tingling, or any changes in your speech or swallowing.
Suppose an underlying ailment, such as diabetes, is discovered to be the cause of the ptosis. In that case, it is common to treat the underlying condition before considering surgical alternatives to fix the drooping eyelid.
Surgery may be indicated if the ptosis is severe and the sagging eyelid obscures or restricts vision. The surgeon tightens the levator muscles to elevate the eyelids during the outpatient operation. Both eyesight and the look of the eyelid improve due to this procedure.
There are dangers associated with every surgical treatment. The eyelids may seem asymmetrical after surgery, and eyelid mobility may be lost in rare situations. A scratched cornea and a hematoma are two more uncommon consequences. Choose an ophthalmologist or a plastic surgeon who has extensive expertise with ptosis correction for the best outcomes.
Eyeglasses with an attached “crutch” that holds up the eyelid to allow for adequate vision is one of the most successful non-surgical methods. The crutches are attached to the inside of the frames by an ophthalmologist and are hardly perceptible. They’re thought to be useful and safe, although getting them to fit properly may take some time. Because the crutches keep the eyelids open, you’ll probably acquire dry eyes. Follow your eye doctor’s instructions for keeping your eyes adequately moisturized.
Natural Ways to Manage Symptoms
1. Use a teabag to compress your eyes
To reduce the pain and suffering of ptosis, soak chamomile tea bags in boiling water for a few minutes and then set them aside to cool. Squeeze out any extra tea, lay down, and relax with the bags over your eyes. Because tea may stain, place a towel behind your head to catch any spills.
According to a study from Case Western Reserve University, because of the numerous phytochemicals, it contains, chamomile tea inhibits inflammation, relaxes nerves, and is especially useful for battling ocular irritation. When used topically, it aids in the treatment of eye infections and certain eye illnesses, such as clogged tear ducts and other inflammatory problems.
When consumed as a tea, this potent flower has anticancer properties, aids in treating colds, relaxes the gastrointestinal system, and lowers blood sugar levels in people with diabetes. For optimal benefits, drink a cup or two per day.
Acupuncture may assist with ptosis induced by specific neuromuscular diseases like Bell’s palsy or as a consequence of a stroke. An acupuncturist competent in neuromuscular diseases will implant needles in particular facial and scalp muscles to assist in re-innervating muscles in the face and activating atrophied muscles. You may need to see your acupuncturist twice a week for a few months until the symptoms subside.
3. B12 vitamin
This necessary vitamin is required for proper neuromuscular function. You are more likely to be vitamin B12 deficient if you are a vegetarian or vegan. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the RDA for vitamin B12 for people is 2.4 micrograms. If you don’t consume fish or beef, a high-quality supplement may help you maintain healthy levels.
It’s simple to get more vitamin B12 in your diet. More wild-caught cold-water fish, such as salmon, tuna, and mackerel, as well as grass-fed cattle and free-range poultry, should be consumed. My hearty beef stew is ideal for a cold evening, while my pecan pesto salmon dish is ideal for a fast and nutritious midweek supper.
4. Netrapana Therapy
Ayurvedic medicine has been used for hundreds of years to cure various ailments by balancing food, lifestyle, and herbal medicines. For example, warm ghee, salt, and various oils are poured gently over the eyes by an Ayurvedic medicine specialist as the usual therapy for ptosis. This technique is relaxing, but it also helps strengthen the nerves and muscles of the eyes. Find a practitioner in your region and inquire about netrapana treatment expertise.
5. Exercises to Strengthen Eyelids
When ptosis is caused by age or a loss of muscle mass, exercising the eyelids may enhance the looking and reduce the droopiness. Shut both eyes and put a finger at the base of each eyelid. Try to open your eyes while lifting your brows as high as possible in the first exercise. Repeat 10–15 times.
It would help if you did the second eyelid-strengthening exercise in front of a mirror. Please close your eyes, place your index fingers slightly below your brows, and then lift them up against the brow bone. Blink five to seven times, then forcefully strain your eyes for five seconds. 10 times a day, repeat the complete workout.
6. Consume foods that are good for your eyes
Carotenoids such as beta carotene and other carotenoids are linked to healthy eye health. Furthermore, foods high in beta carotene offer anti-inflammatory qualities, protect against some forms of cancer, stimulate immune system response, and help preserve the skin from damage for persons with ptosis. Include a dish (or two!) of beta carotene-rich foods in your meal planning.
They’re easy to spot since they’re vividly colored and have a grating flavor. Red bell peppers, papaya, sweet potatoes, winter squash, and tomatoes are examples of fruits and vegetables with vivid yellow, orange, or red flesh. This crisp and delicious carrot apple salad goes well with various main courses.
According to Harvard Medical School research published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, just six milligrams of lutein per day, combined with a healthy lifestyle and diet rich in antioxidants and fatty acids, has been shown to reduce the risk of age-related macular degeneration by 43 percent and may help to protect against cataracts.
Lutein is a potent carotenoid, and kale is by far the greatest source. However, lutein is also found in other leafy greens. On the other hand, kale has more than double the amount of lutein as turnip greens, collard greens, or spinach. You can prepare a healthful and nutrient-dense snack with baked kale chips and hummus.
8. Take care not to strain your eyes
In today’s environment, eyestrain is a serious issue. We strain our eyes by staring at computer or phone displays for long periods, focussing on a single distance (in abnormal light). Every 10 minutes for 30 seconds, glance away from the screen, blink, and concentrate on anything 10 feet or so away while using an electronic gadget.
If your eyelids droop abruptly or have any of the following symptoms, get emergency medical help right once.
- Face, arm, or leg muscle weakness
- Doubtful perception
- Swallowing problems
- Infection of the eyes
- Swollen eye
- Pain in the eye or the socket of the eye
Points to Remember
- Ptosis, or drooping eyelids, is usually caused by age; however, if it develops fast, contact a doctor right away since it might indicate a significant health problem.
- A stroke, some forms of cancer, a brain tumor or aneurysm, diabetes, and uncommon muscle illnesses may all induce ptosis.
- Ptosis may affect one or both eyes, and the drooping can be severe enough to impair vision in certain circumstances.
- Ptosis may be present at birth in children, and if it is not treated, it can result in impaired eyesight for the rest of their lives.
- Surgical and non-surgical therapies are both available in traditional therapy.
Home Remedies for Ptosis
- To decrease inflammation and relieve symptoms, use chamomile tea bag compresses and consume chamomile tea.
- If the primary problem is neuromuscular, acupuncture may be helpful.
- Vitamin B12 is required for normal neuromuscular functioning.
- Netrapana treatment, which involves pouring heated ghee, salt, and oils over the eyes, may help to strengthen muscles and nerves.
- Perform eyelid strengthening exercises regularly.
- Consume foods that are high in beta carotene.
- Lutein-rich foods should be consumed.
- Eye strain should be avoided at all costs.
Frequently Asked Questions
How do you fix the ptosis of the eyelid naturally?
A: Ptosis of the eyelid is when one or both eyes are drooping down and looks like they’re about to close. This phenomenon usually occurs from a malfunctioning muscle, tendon, or nerve that causes this eye movement. For ptosis to be fixed, an individual’s doctor will have them undergo surgery in which he can correct the issue by moving it back into place, so it doesn’t keep happening again.
What are the symptoms of ptosis?
A: Ptosis is a condition that leads to drooping eyes. The symptoms of ptosis vary from person to person, but it usually happens when the muscles around your eyeballs get weak and lax as you age or after some type of trauma such as an injury. Unfortunately, there are no medications available for this condition.
How do you fix ptosis in the eye without surgery?
A: A common problem among children and adults is ptosis or drooping of the eyelid. This can easily be fixed with a light massage over the eyelid every time you sleep for about 10 minutes.
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